Most integrated-reasoning questions contain a chart or graph. You won’t have much time to waste, so it is a good idea to know how to extract data from the various types of charts and graphs before you sit down in front of the computer on the exam day.

Regardless of the graph or chart you are working with, you can follow a similar five-step approach:

1. Identify the type of chart or graph

Graphs display data in different ways, so start by recognising which graph or chart type you are dealing with.

2. Read the accompanying question and determine what it asks

Before you attempt to read the chart or graph, examine the question to figure out exactly what kind of information you need to answer it.

3. Isolate what you need to get out of the chart or graph to successfully answer the question

Refer to the chart or graph to discover where it conveys the specific data you need to answer the question.

4. Read the chart or graph properly

Examine the chart or graph carefully to spot trends and note where the quantities associated with each variable appear and how the value of each increment is displayed.

5. Solve the problem

Use the data you have carefully extracted from the chart or graph to come up with the correct answer to the question.