Understanding Tables: Integrated Reasoning Question

Tables report, organise, and summarise data and allow you to view and analyse precise values. For example, a table can be an effective way of presenting average daily high and low temperatures in a given area, the number of male and female births that occur each year within a population, or the ranking of a band’s top-ten hits.

When you evaluate a table, pay particular attention to the column labels to determine exactly what kind of information and values it displays. Read carefully to differentiate values and determine whether the numbers represent percentages or actual figures.

Tables are the primary source of information in the integrated-reasoning table-analysis question type. These questions use tables to display data. You may also find tables in multi-source reasoning and two-part analysis questions.


The sample table records the four individual event and all-around scores for five gymnasts in a local meet. Its data is precise rather than approximated, which allows you to come up with accurate analyses of the values. For example, you can see from the table that Kate just barely edged out Jess on the balance beam by a 0.005 difference in scores.