GMAT Grammar Topics

Business success depends on a number of diverse skills, and one of the most important of these skills is the ability to communicate effectively. The GMAT focuses on your reading and writing skills. Knowing the rules of standard written English is essential to good writing.

Sentence correction questions appear in the verbal section along with reading comprehension and critical reasoning questions. You have 75 minutes to answer the 41 questions that appear in the entire section. So, you have a little less than two minutes to answer each question. You likely need more time for reading questions, so plan to spend no more than one minute answering each sentence correction question.

Parts of Speech

Sentence correction questions consist of sentences. Sentences are made up of words, and each word in a sentence has a function. The parts of speech in the English language that are important to know for GMAT grammar are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, and prepositions.

  1. Parts of Speech
  2. Verbs
  3. Nouns
  4. Pronouns
  5. Adjectives
  6. Adverbs
  7. Conjunctions
  8. Prepositions

Parts of Sentence

The parts of speech work together to form sentences. The sentence's information is conveyed by three main elements: the subject, the verb, and the element that the verb links to the subject. To locate the main idea of a sentence, you focus on these three elements. Other information within the sentence is secondary.

  • Phrases and clauses

Common Sentence Correction Errors

From the five provided answer choices, you have to choose the answer that expresses the underlined portion of the sentence in the way that conforms to the dictates of standard written English.

The first answer choice is always the same as the underlined portion of the sentence. So if you think the sentence is fine as is, select the first answer. The other four choices present alternative ways of expressing the idea in the underlined part.

  1. Subject-verb agreement
  2. Noun-pronoun agreement
  3. Faulty construction
  4. Idiom: Correct use of standard expressions